Belt conveyor brush structure optimization design
With the development and progress of society, industrial production has fully automated, in the process of production, the use of the conveyor belt is indispensable, existing in process of industrial production the use the conveyor belt has a lot of, in the process of conveying material, the surface of the conveyor belt will inevitably fall on the material residue or dirt, the accumulation of a long time easy to affect the using quality of conveyor belt and transmission effect. The current domestic production of belt cleaning mechanism is mainly brushed stick, brush structure with two structures of straight line and the screw configuration and brush glue on the circular nylon tube directly, brush the hair on the album with the belt surface contact to clean the belt, long after the brush is formed on a layer of dirt, is not easy to clean, the belt cleaning the failure, belt scale, affect the product quality, product contamination, therefore, The purpose of this paper is to provide a brush cleaning machine to solve the aforementioned problems.
1. Principle of conveyor belt brush improvement
A conveyor belt is an indispensable piece of equipment in material transportation, conveyor belt can be continuous, large dip Angle transportation, conveyor belt operation safety, easy to use, easy maintenance, low freight, save manpower and material resources. At present, the existing conveyor belt on the market is generally a separator conveyor belt, that is, a baffle is set horizontally on the surface of the conveyor belt. When used, uneven conveying and placing of items often occur, the gap is too large and not beautiful, and it still needs to be combed manually, which wastes time and manpower, and the work efficiency is low.
The belt electric brush cleaning machine of this improved design, at work, through the cooperation of the main sprocket, driven sprocket, and transmission chain, can make the brush and reciprocating screw groove set rotate in the same direction, and then clean the dust on the transmission belt with the bristles mixed on the brush, and there will be dirt or debris bonded on the bristles. Then using the carding mechanism to clean the bristles can further improve the use quality of the bristles.
2 Structural design of each part of the machine
In this paper, the optimized brush cleaning machine includes brush mixing, brush mechanism, carding mechanism, driving mechanism, and feeding mechanism. The brush mechanism comprises a fixing plate arranged around the outer surface of the brush, one end of the fixing plate is clamped with a brush plate, and one end face of the brush plate is provided with a brush. The driving mechanism comprises a rotary rod through the center of the brush, a reciprocating screw groove roller, and a belt bearing at both ends of the rotary roller. The mixing end is connected with the main sprocket through a belt bearing, and one end of the reciprocating screw groove rod is connected with a driven sprocket. The carding mechanism comprises a connecting seat which is located on the reciprocating screw groove surface sliding connection, and a carding nail is arranged on the outer side of the connecting seat corresponding to the position of brush mixing. The receiving mechanism comprises a receiving hopper located below the junction between the brush roller and the brush bristles and a cross pipe at the bottom of the rear side of the receiving hopper.
2.1 Design of brush mechanism
Brush brush institutions including the wheel surface surrounding the installation of fixed plate, a fixed plate at one end of the card with the brush plate, a transverse installation brush plate has the brush, brush plate of a side corresponding to the fixed location of connection with card boards, fixed a corresponding card side boards of the location to open a card slot, the slot on both ends of the medial wall of the corresponding to open and brush the surface of both ends with positioning hole, card slot and CARDS are a kind of T type structure, and the card slot and adapter card block, brush on the surface of the plate location hole and the positioning of the slot holes are on the same horizontal line when installation, brush plate and the fixed plate through the slot and the piece of card, and through the positioning holes and bolt connection, by using the T card slot and card block, will facilitate brush plate installed on the fixed plate, and after completion of the card together er, Using the coordination of positioning holes and bolts, the two ends of the fixing plate and the brush plate are fixed respectively, so as to prevent the brush plate from sliding out of the fixing plate when working. The design is not only high stability but also easy to disassemble and replace the brush bristles.
2.2 Design of carding mechanism
Combining institutions including the reciprocating screw groove mixed surface sliding link connection, connect a lateral corresponding a carding nail brush rod installation location, carding mechanism includes medial to the connecting seat of reciprocating sliding seat, connection of lateral connection plate connection, one end of the connecting plate opening by go up and down is not through the slot, carding is connected in one side of the nail plate, Flashboard and slots are T structure, and board and slot plug adapter, combing nail and connection by inserting plate and slot card fixed, connection with reciprocating screw groove rolling through the reciprocating sliding seat sliding connection, the reciprocating screw groove and move, the role of the reciprocating sliding groove, can make the connection of the inside of the reciprocating sliding block in the reciprocating screw groove on the radial reciprocating sliding groove, thus, the carding nail will be driven to do reciprocating movement on the reciprocating screw groove, and the carding nail will carry out transverse reciprocating cleaning of the bristles on the brush rod, and the carding nail and the connecting seat are fixed through T slot and T board. Then convenient staff according to the different bristles, choose the right comb nail, simple operation.
2.3 Design of driving mechanism
Drive mechanism including runs through the center of the brush series turn stick, reciprocating screw groove and turn arrange ushering bearings on both ends of the album, one end of the wheel by arrange ushering bearing connected with the main chain, the lower end of the two arrange ushering bearings are installed organic, can brush and arrange ushering bearing through the young rotational connection, one end of the journey through arrange ushering bearing connected to the main chain, reciprocating screw groove wheel is connected in one side of the driven sprocket, reciprocating screw slot at both ends of the series are respectively connected with two stand through the axis of rotation, and reciprocating screw groove wheel which runs through the end of a frame and driven sprocket fixed connection, the surface of the reciprocating screw groove wheel runs reciprocating sliding groove , in the main chain and driven sprocket drive through the drive chain, and main chain wheel is connected in one side of the motor, through the motor drive main chain wheel rotation, and main chain wheel through the traditional chain drive driven wheel rotation, thus, in the main chain wheel rotating at the same time, through the young turns brush mix, and driven sprocket rotates at the same time, will drive the reciprocating screw groove mix rotation, further, brush roll and reciprocating screw groove mix for synthetic rotation, convenient driving brush structure and the operation of the carding mechanism.
2.4 Optimization design of feeding mechanism
The receiving mechanism includes a receiving hopper located at the bottom of the brush mixing and brush bristles, and a horizontal pipe at the bottom of the side of the receiving hopper, one end of the internal corresponding horizontal pipe is installed with a fan, the inner side of the horizontal pipe is connected with a number of suction pipes, one end of the suction pipe and the internal connection of the receiving hopper, And the exhaust pipe extends to the inner port of the receiving hopper is provided with a filter screen, the inner bottom of the receiving hopper is provided with a grid plate, one end of the horizontal pipe is connected with the exhaust end of the fan through the air pipe, and the other end of the horizontal pipe is connected with the exhaust end of the fan is extended out of the frame, the receiving hopper is a trapezoidal open structure, Nail through convenient picking mechanism in the carding of the binding of scaling on the brush to clean up, by using the sca le to collect after hopper will clean up, easy to focus on, and on the inside of the hopper adding exhaust tube, convenient by fan convulsions, and then in combing the fouling on the cleaning brush, will clean up the scale hopper in the introduction , avoid cleaning scale is too small or too light, When falling, it deviates from the hopper and falls to other positions. At the same time, the air outlet of the suction pipe is provided with a filter screen to avoid the fouling in the hopper being sucked into the transverse pipe and causing the blockage, which is convenient for operation.
3. Features of the improved brush cleaning machine
During the cleaning, using combing nail at the end of the connecting seat to vertical cleaning brush, and together with the connecting seat in reciprocating screw slots on mixed do reciprocating motion, and thus will drive the nail grooming do reciprocating motion, thus, the vertical combing nail will be staggered with a horizontal brush set, then carding will nail the scaling of binding within the bristles or cleaned sundries, can improve the clean degree of the bristles, This allows the bristles to clean the belt effectively.
And comb hairpin and the connecting seat is removable type, using slot and flashboard, convenient for carding nail for repair or replacement, at the same time brush plate is detachable, by using the T card slot and card block, facilitate will brush plate installed on the fixed plate, and after a card or use of positioning holes and bolt, the fixed plate and brush the card separately fixed on both ends, Thus prevent the brush plate from sliding out of the fixed plate when working. This design not only has high stability, an easy tear open outfit, easy removal and replacement of the brush, this design not only improves the cleaning effect of the bristles, further improves the clean degree of the brush, but is also simple to improve the cleaning efficiency of the transmission belt , and combing nail brush detachable type design, compared with improving the equipment before the more save the disassembly maintenance time and costs.
The designed brush cleaning machine, in practical operation, through the use of a detachable carding mechanism to clean the brush, easy to remove the scale bonding in the brush, and the carding nail in the reciprocating screw groove mixing, can make it reciprocating movement in the horizontal direction. And combing nail vertical setting and the level of the brush set just staggered vertically, and then in the brush wheel and reciprocating screw groove series synthetic turns, combing nail to reciprocating screw groove stick to do reciprocating motion, thus to brush back and forth cleaning the brush on the board, can sweep away the brush on the scale, at the same time also can further improve the effectiveness of the transmission belt cleaning brush, automation, The efficiency of cleaning can be realized, and the brush plate and comb nails are designed by quick disassembly, convenient for staff disassembly and replacement, simple operation.